Interview as a way of collecting information: strategy of questions

It’s important to tell apart interviews as a way of gathering information and interviewing as being a genre. In the first case, meeting, that is, communication with individuals, is one of 3 ways to acquire information with a researcher. Two alternative methods are:

  • observation, as soon as the researcher himself is an eyewitness regarding the occasion,
  • working together with papers, in which the document means any product carrier containing texts and pictures.

Forms of interviews and their purpose

Interviews as an approach of data gathering in change are split into:

  • genre (for planning of text when you look at the genre of interview),
  • investigative (for information),
  • reportage (to recognize the faculties of a person, then to mirror them when you look at the text).

The reportage meeting was talked about into the previous chapter. Concerning the investigative shall be told when you look at the chapter on information retrieval. The theme of the chapter is meeting being a genre, being a real means of text formatting in the shape of concerns from the interviewer as well as the responses regarding the interlocutor. In the same time there is an interview-monologue at one pole, where in actuality the wide range of concerns of the researcher is minimized (they generally are not any at all), at the other pole – a discussion, as soon as the journalist not just asks questions, but additionally speaks much with lengthy arguments.

The fact the interview is a discussion, indicates concerning the same quantity of replicas of the journalist and interlocutor. The interviewer answers take 70-90% of the text in the usual interview. A conversation review could be carried out with a journalist, by authority equal to the interlocutor, so the opinion with this journalist ended up being additionally interesting to readers, given that viewpoint for the interlocutor. If a typical journalist talks the maximum amount of or higher in a job interview being an interlocutor, it is an indication of inadequate certification.

Forms of interviews according to the subject. Topic meeting

According to the subject, you can find three forms of interviews:

  • subject,
  • personal,
  • subject-personal.

Subject of the interview that is subject their state of things in virtually any industry of task. Usually that is an interview with a specialist, a genre of rational publicism. The interlocutor is interesting towards the journalist just as much as he could be linked to this continuing state of affairs. As an example, a police officer tells simple tips to protect a flat from thieves. The physician explains how exactly to protect your self through the flu epidemic. The advisor that is financial a forecast just how long the crisis will likely to be in the trade. Neither the interlocutor’s opinion on problems that deviate through the interview topic, nor the personal life of the interlocutor is of interest.

The dwelling regarding the topic interview consists of three parts. First, they show the interlocutor’s reference to this issue. Then there clearly was a parsing associated with the topic for the true purpose of its presentation, clarification and evaluation. The interview that is subject with all the streamlining of the thing that was said, summarizing, practical guidelines to readers.

The hero associated with the interview that is subject additionally be an eyewitness or participant in the case. This can be information interview, one of many news genres. The job associated with the journalist would be to learn whenever possible the facts and details of what occurred. The interlocutor’s communication with the topic is first shown, then the topic is deepened, and the ending is devoted to general impressions of what happened and the conclusions that the interlocutor made as in the case of an expert.